The Different Types Of Combat Helmets

A helmet is one such combat gear that has existed for years and has played a significant role in wars that shaped our world. Many changes and developments have been made with time, and now they do more than just protect the person wearing them. These changes were made to accommodate soldiers’ new requirements and weaponry advancements. From M1917 to the modern ECG, there has been a pretty big transformation in the type of helmets used.

When it comes to modern military combat helmets, we have quite a lot of options. They might be made from different materials, come with different features, and are used by different combat forces. We can also add accessories to enhance its performance even further. You can even find something new being used in every country. Here, in this guide, we will inform you about the different types of combat helmets that are commonly used nowadays.

Types Of Cuts In A Helmet

Before knowing about the types, it is essential to know the different cuts of a helmet. It is equally important as any other feature and can be a significant deciding factor for most people. It also affects how the helmet will sit on your head. Here are three main types of cuts used in a helmet:

High Cut

A helmet with this cut falls above your ears. Its benefit is that it allows the wearer to add headsets and other accessories. It also feels much lighter and more comfortable upon wearing. But, one of its leading drawbacks is that it does not provide much protection since only your head is being covered.

Mid Cut

With this type of cut, your helmet falls over your ears. It provides much more protection than a high-cut one because it covers a much larger area. But it is also slightly heavier, and you will not be able to add any headset with it.

Low Cut

This type of cut is meant to provide the most amount of protection. It covers the entire head and ears making it ideal for battlefields. But, it is also much heavier and can cause neck strain in extended combat operations. Despite this, this is the best option because it is super sturdy and much safer than the rest.

PASGT Helmets

PASGAT stands for Personnel System for Ground troops, and under it comes a vest and a helmet. It has a high-performance ballistic helmet that is primarily used by the U.S military forces. They first adopted it in the 1980s, and it is still in use in many areas. It is also known as “Kevlar” and is one of the most lightweight helmets on the market. It is made of Aramid fiber and is ideal for most combat situations.

Despite being lightweight, it provides a good amount of protection. The USA National Institute Of Justice has also ranked it at Level IIIA for security. It is effective in stopping shrapnel and ammo from handguns but is not the most ideal when dealing with more powerful weapons. The area of coverage it offers is also pretty large, and its design helps keep it stable and comfortable. It has an olive color, which allows for camouflage during certain operations.

It is not only prevalent in the military, but security forces and SWAT teams also use it. You will generally see special units and ground forces wearing these. In some places, it is also used by the Police. But, with modern innovations, its use is decreasing, and many other new types of helmets with much more advanced features and better protection are replacing them.

Bump Helmets

These are pretty common in the military and are also used in sports. Unlike ballistic helmets, these are not bulletproof and are not ideal for actual combat. They are generally used for personnel who are in training or people who do extreme sports. The design of these helmets allows for better coverage area and offers minimal protection. They are incredibly lightweight, and you can wear them for long periods without feeling any discomfort or neck strain.

Most of the time, rescue teams and law enforcement also use these to protect themselves in case something goes wrong. These will protect you if you fall or hit your head somewhere, but if there is a risk of getting injured from firearms, then they would be of no use. You can also easily add other equipment like a camera or night vision. Using these will also prepare soldiers in training to wear the actual helmet later on.

ACH/MICH Helmets

Because of certain drawbacks with the PASGT helmet, the MICH( Modular Integrated Communications Helmet) came into being. It is an improved version of PASGT and has better features like reduced weight and higher comfort. It has a much more modern design and can accommodate extra gadgets and equipment. It also provides better protection from handguns.

When further changes and enhancements were made in the MICH, it was renamed ACH. It stands for Advanced Combat Helmet, and as the name suggests, it is much more advanced than the latter. It has better ballistic performance, more coverage, and higher protection.

ECH Helmets

It is similar to the ACH and MICH helmets, but there is a slight difference in the material used and its chin strap. It was designed to replace the standard helmets used by the U.S. armed forces and was adopted in the U.S. military in the 2000s. Unlike others, this is usually made from thermoplastics and provides significantly better protection from small firearms.

It has a higher cut and provides less coverage, but it also allows for better movement and is more comfortable. Because of this, you can add additional accessories like communication devices to enhance its overall performance. According to the protection standards, it is rated a Level IV.


Helmets are probably one of the most crucial protective gear for anyone who is in a tactical job. Hence, before buying one, people must know its various types, their uses, and where they would work the best. And, Now that you are aware of your options and what you can choose from, it would be easy to pick one that is the best suited for you. It will also save a lot of your time, and you can decide accordingly depending on your need and the amount of protection you want.